"Gray Divorce" is a growing trend. in 2013, researchers Susan L. Brown and I-Fen Lin sociologists at Bowling Green State University, working under a grant, wrote Working Paper WP-13-03, published in March 2013 as The Gray Divorce Revolution: Rising Divorce among Middle-aged and Older Adults, 1990-2010. They explored the significance of later life divorce. The authors said: "As early as 30 years ago, researchers argued that divorce among older adults would be a growing trend." These studies gave several educated guesses why this would occur.
- Remarriages are more likely to end in divorce than are first marriages
- The stigma of earlier times regarding divorce has disappeared
- Females, who are more likely to be employed and have greater autonomy now than in the days of Ozzie and Harriet , have greater freedom to seek divorce and live independent of a husband.
- People are living longer. This increases the likelihood that a marriage (or re-marriage) might end in divorce as opposed to ending by death of a spouse.
- Many people have greater expectations in life and want marriage with a spouse who is a real partner. If spouses "grow apart," one or both is more likely to see divorce and re-marriage or life as a single to be more appealing than an empty sham marriage.